ROLE OF BACTERIA IN TEMPE BITTER TASTE FORMATION: MICROBIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS BASED ON 16S rRNA GENE

Tati Barus, Antonius Suwanto, Aris Tri Wahyudi, Hanny Wijaya

(Microbiology Indonesia/Vol 2/No 1/2008)

Abstract

 

Tempe is traditional Indonesian food. It has a variety of tastes, sometimes with a hint of bitterness, which may differ in intensity. The cause of bitterness in tempe has never been reported previously. In this study, the aim is to identify whether bacteria play a role in the formation of bitter tastes in tempe. Sensory tests were carried out in order to determine the scores of bitter-taste-intensity in tempe. The sensory test on EMP, WJB, CLR, DRG, and MLB tempe shows that EMP tempe has the highest score (2.3) and WJB has the lowest (1.3). It is revealed that the processing method has no impact on the formation of the bitter taste in tempe. Plating analysis, showed that EMP soaking water contained a higher number of Enterobacteria group bacteria, approximately 103-104 CFU ml-1 and spore-forming bacteria groups, 102 CFU ml-1, compared to WJB. Similarly, other bacteria groups in fresh EMP tempe was 102 CFU g-1 higher than those in fresh WJB tempe. Based on sequencing the16S rRNA gene, the dominant bacteria on PCA media in EMP tempe are Acetobacter indonesiensis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis, and Flavobacterium sp. On the other hand those in WJB tempe were Klebsiella sp., Brevundimonas sp., Bacillus sp., Pseudomonas putida, and Acinetobacter sp. Bacillus, a group of proteolytic bacteria was found 105 CFU m-1 higher in the soaking water of EMP compared to WJB. Nevertheless, the types and numbers of fungi were not significantly different between tempe types. Accordingly, it is concluded that the difference in the number and the types of bacteria involved in the tempe production process leads to the difference in the bitter taste intensity in both EMP and WJB tempe.

4,195 Responses to “Role of Bacteria in Tempe Bitter Taste Formation”

  1. RV Trailer Repair Near Me said:

    I need to to thank you for this wonderful read!! I absolutely enjoyed every bit of it. I have got you bookmarked to look at new stuff you postÖ

  2. RV Service And Repair Near Me said:

    I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this website. I’m hoping to check out the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own site now 😉

  3. Camper Service And Repair Near Me said:

    The next time I read a blog, I hope that it does not fail me just as much as this particular one. After all, Yes, it was my choice to read through, however I genuinely believed you would have something interesting to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of complaining about something that you could possibly fix if you weren’t too busy searching for attention.

  4. RV Trailer Service Near Me said:

    Having read this I thought it was extremely informative. I appreciate you finding the time and effort to put this article together. I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  5. RV Motorhome Repair Near Me said:

    Everything is very open with a clear explanation of the challenges. It was definitely informative. Your website is very helpful. Thank you for sharing!

Leave a Reply